Organ Donation Rules According to Islam

Organ Donation Rules According to Islam: Syekh Yusuf Qardhawi is of the opinion that Islam does not limit sadaqah to wealth alone, in fact Islam considers all goodness as alms. Donating parts of the body is part of goodness (alms).

In fact, according to him, this action is one of the highest and foremost types of almsgiving because the body (limbs) is superior to wealth, while a person may use all his wealth to save (treat) some of his limbs. Therefore, donating part of the body's organs because Allah SWT is the most important qurbah (one's approach to Allah) and the most noble alms.

Some Rules for Organ Donation According to Islam

Organ Donation Rules According to Islam

First, it is permissible to take a piece of the body and transplant it into another area of ??the same body, provided you are sure that the benefits of the surgery outweigh any possible damage and provided the operation is aimed at replacing the missing organ, or to restore its normal form or function, or to correct a defect, or to correct an ugliness which caused psychological or organic harm.

Second, it is permissible to take part of a person's body and transplant it into another person's body, if the part that is taken is renewed, such as blood and skin. However, it is necessary to respect donor conditions and verify compliance of operations with the rules stipulated by Sharia.

Third, it is permissible to take advantage of parts of the organs that have been amputated from the body due to diseases such as removal of the retina from the eye due to disease.

Fourth, it is prohibited to move vital organs such as the heart of a person who is still alive for the benefit of others.

Fifth, the removal of organs from a living person is prohibited, if the removal of the organs interferes with essential functions for survival, even if this does not depend on it, such as removal of the retina of both eyes.

If the withdrawal causes only partial paralysis of the essential functions, the question is still the subject of research and examination as indicated in paragraph 8.

Sixth, it is permissible to take organs from a dead person to be transplanted into the body of a living person whose survival is dependent on this operation, or if this is necessary to ensure the essential functions of the body, provided the authorization of the deceased or his heirs is obtained after his death or the consent of the Muslim authorities, if the deceased is unknown without an heir.

Seventh, it must be remembered that the acceptance of an organ displacement as described above is subject to the condition that the transfer does not occur thanks to the purchased organ because in no case should the human organ be made an object. from sales.

As for the giving of money by the recipient to get the organ if needed or to honor the donor, it is still a subject of study and examination.

Eighth, everything related to this topic and which is not mentioned in any of the above cases must be the object of study in relation to medical data and the provisions of the Shari'a.

Attention: although it is permissible to donate, Qardhawi does not allow the sale and purchase of organs for any reason. He emphasized that the organs of the body are not an exchangeable and negotiable property. 

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